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Samuel and Saul

The prophet Samuel's relationship with King Saul.
Contributed by YO! Ministry
Story also available on our translated websites: Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Hindi
Elkanah had two wives: one was Hannah and the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children and Hannah had none. ‘Then Elkanah her husband said to her, “Hannah, why do you weep and why do you not eat and why is your heart sad? Am I not better to you than ten sons?”’ Samuel 1:8 (NASB) – Slide 1
‘She, greatly distressed, prayed to the Lord and wept bitterly. She made a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and a razor shall never come on his head.”’ 1 Samuel 1:10b-11 (NASB) – Slide 2
‘As for Hannah, she was speaking in her heart, only her lips were moving, but her voice was not heard. So Eli thought she was drunk. Then Eli said to her, “How long will you make yourself drunk?”... But Hannah replied, “No, my lord, I am a woman oppressed in spirit; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have poured out my soul before the Lord.”’ 1 Samuel 1:13-15 (NASB) – Slide 3
‘And Elkanah had relations with Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. It came about in due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; and she named him Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked him of the Lord.”’ 1 Samuel 1:19b-20 (NASB) – Slide 4
Hannah returned to Eli at the tabernacle in Shiloh. She said; ‘For this boy I prayed, and the Lord has given me my petition which I asked of Him. So I have also dedicated him to the Lord; as long as he lives he is dedicated to the Lord.’ And he worshiped the Lord there. 1 Samuel 1:27-28 (NASB) – Slide 5
‘Now Samuel was ministering before the Lord, as a boy wearing a linen ephod. And his mother would make him a little robe and bring it to him from year to year when she would come up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.’ 1 Samuel 2:18-19 (NASB) Eli’s blessing: 1 Samuel 2:20-21 – Slide 6
‘Thus Samuel grew and the Lord was with him and let none of his words fail. All Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the Lord. And the Lord appeared again at Shiloh, because the Lord revealed Himself to Samuel at Shiloh by the word of the Lord.’ 1 Samuel 3:19-21 (NASB) – Slide 7
‘Now Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. He used to go annually on circuit to Bethel and Gilgal and Mizpah, and he judged Israel in all these places. Then his return was to Ramah, for his house was there, and there he judged Israel; and he built there an altar to the Lord.’ 1 Samuel 7:15-17 (NASB) – Slide 8
‘Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah; and they said to him, “Behold, you have grown old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now appoint a king for us to judge us like all the nations.” But the thing was displeasing in the sight of Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.”’ 1 Samuel 8:4-6a (NASB) – Slide 9
‘...Samuel prayed to the Lord. The Lord said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being king over them.”’ 1 Samuel 8:6b-7 (NASB) – Slide 10
‘Now then, listen to their voice; however, you shall solemnly warn them and tell them of the procedure of the king who will reign over them.’ 1 Samuel 8:9 (NASB). Gods prophesy through Samuel warned them of the bad consequences that could come as a result of having a king: 1 Samuel 8:11-18 – Slide 11
‘Nevertheless, the people refused to listen to the voice of Samuel, and they said, “No, but there shall be a king over us, that we also may be like all the nations, that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles.”’ 1 Samuel 8:19-20 (NASB) – Slide 12
Samuel was led to declare Saul (a Benjamite) to be the first king. (1 Samuel 10:20) ‘Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see him whom the Lord has chosen? Surely there is no one like him among all the people.” So all the people shouted and said, “Long live the king!”’ 1 Samuel 10:24 – Slide 13
‘Then Samuel said to Saul, “The Lord sent me to anoint you as king over His people, over Israel; now therefore, listen to the words of the Lord. Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘I will punish Amalek for what he did to Israel,... strike Amalek and utterly destroy all that he has...’”’ 1 Samuel 15:1-2a,3a (NASB) – Slide 14
In the battle Saul did not follow the instructions of God that Samuel told him. ‘Now go and strike Amalek and utterly destroy all that he has, and do not spare him; but put to death both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.’ 1 Samuel 15:3 (NASB) – Slide 15
After the battle Samuel met Saul and said; ‘What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?’ Saul said, ‘They have brought them from the Amalekites, for the people spared the best of the sheep and oxen, to sacrifice to the Lord your God;...’ 1 Samuel 15:14-15a (NASB) – Slide 16
‘Samuel said, “Has the Lord as much delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, ... Because you have rejected the word of the Lord, He has also rejected you from being king.”’ 1 Samuel 15:22a-23b (NASB) – Slide 17
The Lord directed Samuel to go to Bethlehem and anoint the next king of Israel. ‘And the Lord said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is he.” Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward.’ 1 Samuel 16:12b-13a (NASB) – Slide 18
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